Iredale, 1934 – Australia

Cucumerunio novaehollandiae (Gray, 1834)
INHS 20378. Bex Hill, near Lismore, New South Wales, Australia.

Type Species: Unio novaehollandiae Gray, 1834 [=Cucumerunio novaehollandiae (Gray, 1834)] (by original designation) (McMichael & Hiscock 1958:472; Smith 1992:16).

Original Citation: Iredale, T. 1934. The freshwater mussels of Australia. Australian Zoologist 8:57-78.

Remarks: See McMichael & Hiscock (1958:472) for nomenclatorial notes. Simpson (1900:893) incorrectly spelled the genus as Cucumeria (latter corrected in Simpson 1914).

Generic SynonymsCucumaria Conrad, 1853. Non Cucumaria Blainville, 1830 (Echinodermata) or Lesson 1831 (Echinodermata).

1 Currently Recognized Taxa

1. Cucumerunio novaehollandiae (Gray, 1834)
Distribution: SE coastal, NE coastal, NSW, QLD (McMichael & Hiscock 1958:425; Smith 1992:15).


Unio novae-hollandiae Gray, 1834.
[Various undescribed shells.] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1834(19):57-58.

Type Locality: Macquarrie [Macquarie] River, [Port Macquarie], [New South Wales], New Holland [Australia].

Syntypes: BMNH 1880-4-10-6.

Unio cucumoides Lea, 1840.
Descriptions of new freshwater and land shells. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 1(13):284-289.

Type Locality: Hunter’s [Hunter] River, New South Wales, [Australia].

Holotype: AMNH 30897.

Unio cumingianus Dunker, 1852.
Diagnoses molluscorum novorum. Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 9:49-62,125-128,189-191 [1852]; 10:58-60,95-96,110-112 [1853].

Type Locality: [New South Wales], New Holland [Australia].

Holotype: [Lost].

Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859.
Descriptions of twenty-one new species of exotic Unionidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 11:151-154.

Type Locality: unknown [Australia]. Type locality by inference of Woodward (1984).

Holotype: BMNH 1964.146

Remarks: Woodward (1984) resurrected Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859 from the synonymy of Cafferia caffer (Krauss, 1848) where it was placed by Simpson (1900:828) and Haas (1969:155) and placed it in Cucumerunio Iredale, 1934. Specific epithet consistantly misspelled as naviglioformis by Woodward (1984) and Smith (1992:16).